डोमेस्टिक वायरिंग में फ्यूज या चेंज ओवर लगाना चाहिए कि नहीं ?

डोमेस्टिक वायरिंग में फ्यूज या चेंज ओवर लगाना चाहिए कि नहीं ?
Spread apna word

आज हम वायरिंग करते समय कुछ मुख्य बिंदुओं पर ध्यान देते हैं. जैसे सुचालक की स्थिति, रेटिंग ग्रेडिंग तथा सुरक्षा की दृष्टि से लगे हुए उपकरण. किंतु यह सवाल लगातार हमें परेशान करता है कि “डोमेस्टिक वायरिंग में फ्यूज या चेंज ओवर लगाना चाहिए कि नहीं ?”

सुरक्षा के लिए हम मुख्यत: फ्यूज, आइसोलेटर, सर्किट ब्रेकर आदि चीजों का उपयोग करते हैं. “किंतु कहां पर कौन सा उपयोग करना है ?” यह हमें जानना अति आवश्यक है.

आज हम आमतौर पर फ्यूज का उपयोग मुख्य लाइन में करते हैं. जबकि अन्य उपकरणों का उपयोग हम घर के अंदर करते हैं.

electric fuse with different rating

इसमें से कौन सी विधि सही है कौन सी गलत यह हमेशा ही हमको परेशान करती रहती हैं। इसे समझने के लिए हमें उसकी कार्यविधि को समझना होगा .क्योंकि कार्य विधि से ही हम उसके उपयोग का निर्धारण कर सकते हैं।

फ्यूज एक ऐसे पदार्थ का बना होता है, जो की एक खास तापमान पर अपनी स्थिति ठोस से द्रव कर लेता है अर्थात गल जाता है। इसे जब हम किसी सुचालक किसी सिरीज कंडीशन में लगाते हैं तो ओवरकरेंट की स्थिति में या गर्म होकर जल्दी ही पिघल जाता है और उपकरणों को बचाने में मददगार है. जो कि उसके अनुपस्थित में ओवरकरेंट से डैमेज हो सकते थे।

अब कन्फ्यूजन हो सकता है कि हमें इसे कहां लगाना चाहिए . तो इसका सही उत्तर है कि हमें फ्यूज को हमेशा फेज वाले सुचालक में ही लगाना चाहिए।

वैकल्पिक समाधान

MCB image with electric panel

आज हम इसे सर्किट ब्रेकर नामक उपकरण से भी रिप्लेस कर सकते हैं।. हम मुख्य लाइन में एमसीसीबी और डिस्ट्रीब्यूशन लाइन में एमसीबी से सर्किट को अलग-अलग नियंत्रित कर सकते हैं।. जोकि ओवरलोड या ओवरकरेंट से सभी उपकरणों को अच्छी तरीके से बचा देता है।. और इसका दूसरा सबसे बड़ा फायदा यह है कि इसे फ्यूज की तरह हर बार जलने पर बदलना नहीं पड़ता।

सर्किट ब्रेकर से हम उसका कम भी ले सकते हैं तथा सर्किट को एक सोच की तरह ऑन तथा ऑफ भी कर सकते हैं।

हालांकि सर्किट ब्रेकर यूज की अपेक्षा काफी मांग आता है किंतु बार-बार बदलने के झंझट और मूल्य को मिलाने पर यह अपेक्षाकृत सस्ता ही पड़ता है।


सर्किट ब्रेकर और आइसोलेटर के बारे में अधिक जाने के लिए हमारी दूसरी पोस्ट पढ़ें।

आपको हमारी पोस्ट कैसी लगी कृपया हमें अपने बहुमूल्य फीडबैक से अवश्य बताएं।

Gyanee baba

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